George Carruthers, a Black Man
was born in Cincinnati Ohio and went
to the University of Illinois. He got
his BS in aeronautical engineering,
a Master of Science in nuclear engineering
and Ph.D in aeronautical and astronomical
engineering. So his career is well taken
care of. He got all of this experience under
After Graduation, he joined the
rocket astronomy group at the Naval
Research Laboratory in Washington
where he worked on ultraviolet
observations of the Earth’s upper
atmosphere and astronomical phenomena.
By 1969 Dr. Carruthers received
his patent for the “Image Converter for
Detecting Electromagnetic Radiation
espercially in short wave lengths.
George is a astrophysicist of
international renown. Carruthers is the
principal inventor of the Far Ultraviolet/
Spectograph- which is a spectograph and
camera wwith an electron intensifier
an was used for the Apollo 16 mission
to the moon in 1972.
The far ultraviolet is of great
importance to the astronomer because
it detects and measures elements like
oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and others as well.
in their cool unexcited state.
This provides correct measurements
of the energy output of very hot stars.
Dr. Carruthers has been a
principal investigator for Nasa projects.
George developed space telescopes
and did a rocket experiment that showed fhe
first detection of molecular hydrogen
in space. Also, the list goes on, he developed
a rocket instrument to capture an ultraviolet
image of Haley’s Comet.
Further, he has captured an image
of a Leonid shower meteor entering
the Earth’s atmosphere.
Dr. Carruthers continues to be the
forefront of astophysicas research even
after 40 years.
We’ve heard about Apollo 16,
Haley’s comet, metor shower and now we
know who was behind all of those and much
more. His creative genius led him to do
astronomy and he has went above and