More on Black colleges….
In the years following the Civil War, with the 13th Amendment
abolition of slavery and reconstruction in the South, Things changed.
Few colleges were open to our Black people back then.
Only ALcorn State University in Mississippi was created
with the purpose of being a black land grant college.
16 exclusively black institutions got 1890 land grant
funds. OUr Black people took it upon themselves along
with the American Missionary Association and the Freedmen’s
Bureau to set up private colleges and universities for
the education of OUR Black people.
African American churches had their own
elementary and secondary education for southern
blacks. This prepared OUR black people for
vocations and advanced studies. this created
a higher demand for higher education and therefore
got people to train teachers to work in black schools.
BEtween 1861 and 1870, the AMA founded
7 black colleges and 13 normal schools.
BOoker T. Washington attended
Hampton Normal and Agricultural INstitute.
There he got the best examples of elementary
and secondary black vocational education in
the nation. Hampton, a college established
by the AMA and Freedmen’s bureau put
much energy into preparing blacks throughout
the South to fill jobs in skilled trades.
Washington Became an apprentice of
Hampton’s president and decided to be in charge
of his own school after he gradutate.
Attendance at HBCUS increased very
much and so did financial help from the
government and philanthropists like JOhn.
D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. HBCUS
gained credibility and respect when the
Southern Association of Colleges and
Schools surveyed and accredited them
Black colleges come a long way.
Even though we already appreciate them,
we can still learn how they come to exist
and we did from this article.