Part 2: The HIstory of Historically Black Colleges!

 

 

More on Black colleges….
 
                In the years following the Civil War, with the 13th Amendment
 
abolition of slavery and reconstruction in the South, Things changed.
 
 Few colleges were open to our Black people back then.
 
Only ALcorn State University in Mississippi was created
 
with the purpose of being a black land grant college.
 
         16 exclusively black institutions got 1890 land grant
 
funds. OUr Black people took it upon themselves along
 
with the American Missionary Association and the Freedmen’s
 
Bureau to set up private colleges and universities for
 
the education of OUR Black people.
 
 
               African American churches had their own
 
elementary and secondary education for southern
 
blacks. This prepared OUR black people for
 
vocations and advanced studies. this created
 
a higher demand for higher education and therefore
 
got people to train teachers to work in black schools.
 
           BEtween 1861 and 1870, the AMA founded
 
7 black colleges and 13 normal schools.
 
             BOoker T. Washington attended
 
Hampton Normal and Agricultural INstitute.
 
There he got the best examples of elementary
 
and secondary black vocational education in
 
the nation. Hampton, a college established
 
by the  AMA and Freedmen’s bureau put
 
much energy into preparing blacks throughout
 
the South to fill jobs in skilled trades.
 
            Washington Became an apprentice of
 
Hampton’s president and decided to be in charge
 
of his own school after he gradutate.
 
       Attendance at HBCUS increased very
 
much and so did financial help from the
 
government and philanthropists like JOhn.
 
D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. HBCUS
 
gained credibility and respect when the
 
Southern Association of Colleges and
Schools surveyed and accredited them
 
in 1928.
 
 
            Black colleges come a long way.
 
Even though we already appreciate them,
 
we can still learn how they come to exist
 
and we did from this article.
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