Emmit McHenry founded NetCom Solutions International, an internet domain service provider!

Emmit McHenry

Without the internet, we would be set ages behind. It has
helped us to stay ahead news-wise and weather-wise. I just cannot get enough internet. I thank God for the internet
and the person who created it. I have found people through
the internet and talked to businessmen and women through
the internet about their product and services that I
advertise on my blog. The internet is a convenient networking experience, not a substitute for networking in person, but it’s great to network online.

While we are on the topic on internet, I might as well introduce you to an internet specialist.

Emmit J. MCHenry is titled, the founder, chairman
and CEO of NetCom Solutions International Inc. His company
is Enterprise Magazine’s 10th ranked African American owned
business.

He attended Stewart Elementary School and Booker T. Washington
High School. Just an observation, but the man is very acute. He
has worked in management positions with IBM, Connecticut General, Union Mutal, and AllState Insurance Company.

He served on numerous insurance industry committees and was
founding member of the American Productivty Management
Association. Then was it, that he founded Network Solutions
Inc, which is the internet domain services provider.

In 1995, he founded NetCom Solutions International, a quadruple company with telecommunications, engineering,consulting, and technical services.The company has been honored with awards for excellent service from IBM, Nasa and Lucent Technologies with revenues of $260 million and exceeding 200 employees in Virginia and Oklahoma City.

He goes even further.MCHenry is also the chairman of Visutel,
a broadband telecommunications company. MCHenry is also on the executive committee of the Council on Competitiveness, the
board of directors for NetCom Solutions International, LTD
and chairs the governance committee for the Phelps Stokes
Fund.

And it continues even further. Emmit McHenry is on the advisory board of DECIS Technology and is the former chairman of the board of LearnCity Inc. MCHenry also served on the Fairfax County Economic Development AUthority, the State of Virginia Economic Development Authority and the board of directors for James Martin Government Intelligence. In addition, he chaired the board of directors of NEtCom Solutions South Africa.

So I definitely am grateful for people like him. I would love
to meet this man. I appreciate his versatility and just had to let the light shine on him. A man like that is worth displaying
and I just had to discuss him. We all know that in order to
succeed like this man, we have to be faithful and committed
to hardwork and success. I’m in awe of such innovativeness.

http://www.thehistorymakers.com/biography/biography.asp?bioindex=659&category=businessmakers

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4 thoughts on “Emmit McHenry founded NetCom Solutions International, an internet domain service provider!

  1. (Super): “an individual, thing, or property that exceeds customary norms or levels”.

    (Genius): “is something or someone embodying exceptional intellectual ability, creativity, or originality, typically to a degree that is associated with the achievement of unprecedented insight”.

    This is a list of (65 African American Super-Geniuses) that have changed the world forever.

    *See (Google Patents) for confirmation on claims.

    *(PATENT PIONEERS):

    (MARY DIXON KIES)
    In (1809), she received a patent for an (Improved Method) for (WEAVING STRAW with SILK or THREAD).
    Her technique greatly reduced the cost of making straw bonnets as most women worked in the fields and wore straw hats. This method became the (standard) process for over (10) years.
    Unfortunately, the original patent file was destroyed (along with many others) in a fire at the United States Patent Office in (1836).
    In (2006), she was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for her method of (Weaving Straw with Silk or Thread).
    She became the (1st) woman and African American to apply for and receive a patent for an invention in the United States of America.

    (THOMAS L. JENNINGS)
    In (1821), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (DRY CLEANING) process called (DRY-SCOURING).
    His process would dry clothes on a rack with heat from a stove. This method was unique because previous driers known as (ventilators) were used over open flames and would cause fires.
    This method would become the (standard) process for over (70) years.
    He became the (1st) African American man to receive a patent for an invention in the United States of America.

    *(TECHNOLOGY PIONEERS):

    (ROY L. CLAY, Sr.)
    In (1966), he served as (Director) of the (1st HP RESEARCH and DEVELOPMENT GROUP) and is a (Founding Member of the Hewlett Packard Computer Division).
    In (1966), he (Designed the Software) for the (1st HP 16-BIT MINICOMPUTER 2116A).
    This was the industries (2nd) generation of the original (16-Bit Minicomputer) called the (DDP-116) designed by Computer Control Company, Inc in (1965).
    His software marked the beginning of the (Automatic Test Equipment) apparatus. This system automatically tests and diagnoses fault in a sophisticated electronic semiconductor package. This software became the (standard) for (HP) desktop computers for over (20) years.
    In (2003), he was (Inducted) into the (SILICON VALLEY ENGINEERING COUNCIL’S HALL of FAME) for his work at Hewlett Packard’s computer division.
    In (1977), he received a patent for (Inventing) the electronically controlled (HIPOT TESTER).
    His devise is designed to ensure a product is safe from shock or a fire hazard if there’s a voltage surge from the input power line of the product.
    This device is used by leading manufacturers around the world including (IBM), (AT&T), (HP), (Tekronix), (Xerox) and others.
    He is the (Founder and CEO) of (ROD-L Electronics), the worldwide leader in electrical safety testing equipment, located in Menlo Park, California.

    (CLARENCE ELLIS)
    In (1969), he became the (1st) African American to receive a PhD in Computer Science.
    In (1973), he (Helped Design) the (GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE) while working at Xerox Research Labs in Palo Alto, California.
    He (Helped Develop) the concept of (POINT-and-CLICK) on graphic symbols called (icons) to replace typing in complicated computer codes for the (Xerox Alto Computer), which is one of the (1st) computers designed for individual use (though not as a home computer), making it arguably what is now called a (PC).
    His work helped to develop the basic software used by every (PC) in the world including (IBM), (Apple), (Microsoft Windows) and others.

    (EMMIT J. McHENRY)
    In (1979), he became (Co-Founder, President and CEO) of a technology consulting company called (NETWORK SOLUTIONS) in Washington, D.C.
    Until (1999), Network Solutions was the (1st) and only domain name registrar and operator of the (.COM), (.NET), and (.ORG) registries.

    (MARK E. DEAN)
    He is known as the (Man behind the PC) and (America’s high-tech invisible man).
    In (1979), he joined (IBM) and has led in the design of a wide range of (IBM) products and has truly helped made the (PC) what it is today.
    In (1981), while serving as the (Chief Engineer) at (IBM), he (Helped Design) the original (IBM PC) and (IBM PC/XT KEYBOARD).
    He (Owns 3 of the Original 9 Patents) that (All PCs) are based on.
    In the same year, he (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the original (8-BIT INDUSTRY STANDARD ARCHITECTURE) (SYSTEM BUS) for the (IBM PC) and (IBM PC Compatible), which were recently introduced.
    In (1983), he (Helped Design) and (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the (IBM PC/XT).
    In (1984), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (COLOR GRAPHICS ADAPTER) for the (IBM PC).
    This marked the (1st) color (Graphic Card) and color (Computer Display Standard) for the (IBM PC).
    In the same year, he (Helped Design) and (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the (IBM PC/AT).
    In (1985), he became (1 of 2) individuals who received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (16-BIT INDUSTRY STANDARD ARCHITECTURE) (SYSTEM BUS) for the (IBM PC/AT).
    His invention enables (Multiple Devises) such as the (mouse), (keyboard), (modem), and (printer) to be connected to the motherboard of the (PC) by simply (Plugging them In), thus making the (PC) faster and more efficient at an affordable price for consumers.
    In (1997), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for co-inventing the (16-Bit Industry Standard Architecture-Bus).
    In (1987), he (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the (IBM PS/2 80), which is the 2nd generation of the (IBM PC).
    In (1988), he (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the (IBM PS/2 70).
    In the same year, he became the (1st) African American to be named an (IBM FELLOW), which is the (highest technical honor) at the company.
    In (1997), he was (Awarded) the (BLACK ENGINEER of the YEAR, PRESIDENTS AWARD).
    In (1998), he (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the (1st 1-GIGAHERTZ RISC PROCESSOR CHIP).
    This processor chip contains (1-million transistors) capable of computing (1-billion calculations per-second) and has nearly (limitless) potential.
    In (2000), he was (Awarded) the (BLACK ENGINEER of the YEAR).
    In (2004), he (Directed the Team) that (Invented) the world’s fastest supercomputer called (BLUE GENE).
    There are only (4) types of the Blue Gene model which are designed to reach (unimaginable speeds).
    The Blue Gene is used for computational studies in (radio astronomy), (protein folding), (climate research), (cosmology), and (drug development).
    In (2009), the (Blue Gene) project was (Awarded) the U.S (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION), the nation’s (highest honor) for innovators by President Barack H. Obama.
    In (2008), the Blue Gene lost its title as the world’s fastest supercomputer to the (IBM Roadrunner).
    Dr. Dean was issued over (40) U.S patents.

    (JERRY LAWSON)
    In (1976), while serving as (Chief Hardware Engineer and Director of Engineering) at (Fairchild Semiconductor’s Video Game Division), he (Designed the Electronics) for the (1st Programmable Video Game Console) to use (Interchangeable Game Cartridges) aka (ROM Cartridges) for the (Fairchild Video Entertainment System) later renamed (Fairchild Channel F).
    Previous game machines like (Atari’s, Pong and Magnavox Odyssey) in (1972) had all their games (built into the hardware).
    In (2011), he was (Awarded) an (INDUSTRY PIONEER) by the (International Game Developer’s Association).
    His design set the (standard) for game consoles since its introduction.

    (KENNETH J. DUNKLEY)
    In (1989), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (THREE-DIMENSIONAL VIEWING GLASSES).
    His designed viewing glasses display (3-D) effects from regular (2-D) photos without any type of (lenses), (mirrors), or (optical elements). By studying human vision, he discovered that blocking two points in a person’s peripheral vision will cause an ordinary picture to appear three-dimensional, so he developed his (3-DVG) to block out these points.

    *(ELECTRICAL PIONEERS):

    *(GRANVILLE WOODS) “The Greatest Inventor of All Time”. By Author: (KingTutankhaten).
    He was known as the (Greatest Electrician in the World) for his prolific inventive skills.
    In (1884), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (TELEPHONE TRANSMITTER).
    His apparatus conducted sound over an electrical current carrying a (louder) and more (distinct sound) over a (longer distance), which far surpassed any other model in use at the time. The physical properties by which the device operated are still in modern telephones today.
    In (1885), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (APPARATUS for TRANSMISSION of MESSAGES by ELECTRICITY) he called the (Telegraphony).
    This device was a combination of both a (telegraph and telephone), which could transmit both (oral and signal) messages.
    In (1887), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (INDUCTION TELEGRAPH SYSTEM) he called the (Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph).
    His Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph allowed (train stations) to communicate with (moving trains), preventing countless accidents and fatalities. He sold the patent rights to the American Bell Telephone Company due to lack of capital to market the product.
    In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph).
    In (1889), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (AUTOMATIC SAFETY CUT-OUT for ELECTRIC CIRCUITS).
    In (1891), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (ELECTRICAL RAILWAY SYSTEM) he called the (Multiple Distribution Station System).
    His Multiple Distribution Station System allowed for the (wireless) transmission of electric power utilizing principles of electromagnetic induction instead of (overhead wires), (3rd rail) or any other physical contact point.
    In (1892), he completed an Electric Railway System at Coney Island, NY, that used his Multiple Distributing Station System that’s still there today.
    In (1909), his (Figure 8 Roller Coaster) debuted at Coney Island’s Steeple Chase Park in NY.
    In (2008), he was (Inducted) into the (CONEY ISLAND HALL of FAME) for his contributions to Coney Island’s Amusement Park.
    His Multiple Distributing Station System bears a striking resemblance to today’s experimental (Linear Induction Motor), which would make his innovation more then (100) years ahead of its time.
    In (1893), he (made history) when he received a patent for (Inventing) the (ELECTRIC-RAILWAY CONDUIT) system.
    This marked the (1st) system to use (Rails) instead of (Wires).
    This system was used for wireless streetcar transit operations in Manhattan, Washington, D.C, and in other cities. It reduced collisions between trains and was quickly adopted by companies in the industry. This technology was used for (Multiplexing) wireless cab signal systems for railways.
    This invention actually anticipated today’s (Wireless Local Area Network) aka the (Wireless LAN) system.
    In (1901), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (THIRD RAIL) system.
    He later sold the patent rights to the Westinghouse Air Brake Company.
    In (1902), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (AIR BRAKE) system.
    He later sold the patent rights to the Westinghouse Air Brake Company.
    Mr. Woods was issued (80) U.S patents.

    (LEWIS HOWARD LATIMER)
    In (1882), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (PROCESS of MANUFACTURING CARBONS) used in (Light Bulbs).
    His idea was to protect the filaments in a (cardboard envelope) preventing the carbon from (breaking or changing shape) during the intense lighting process. The significance of these improvements allowed for a (reduction in time to produce) and an (increase in quality).
    In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Process of Manufacturing Carbons).
    Mr. Latimer was issued (7) U.S patents.

    (WALTER LINCOLN HAWKINS)
    He is (1 of 3) individuals who made (Universal Telephone Service) possible.
    In (1961), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (POLYMER CABLE SHEATH).
    The (Polymer) is a (Plastic), containing a chemical additive composed of (carbon and antioxidants) that prevents the material from deteriorating, even in severe (hot or cold) weather conditions.
    Up until about (1950), telephone cables were coated with a (costly) as well as (toxic), (Lead-Based) material. The British replaced this material with (Polyethylene), but these plastic coatings became (brittle and breakable) very quickly in (sunlight).
    The Polymer became widely used in the (1960’s) as an (inexpensive), (light weight), (durable), and (safe) coating for (telecommunications wire), thus making the use of (Lead-Based) coated material (obsolete).
    Today, Polymer is used to protect (Fiber Optic) cable.
    In (2010), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for co-inventing the (Polymer Cable Sheath).
    In (1975), he became the (1st) African American to be (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL ACADEMY of ENGINEERING).
    In (1992), he was (Awarded) the U.S (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION), the nation’s (highest honor) for innovators by President George H. W. Bush
    Mr. Hawkins was issued (18) U.S patents and (129) foreign patents.

    (JESSE RUSSELL)
    He is the (Father of Digital Cellular Technology).
    In (1988), he (Introduced) the U.S to (DIGITAL CELLULAR TECHNOLOGY) while serving as (Director) of the (CELLULAR TELECOMMUNICATION LABORATORY) at (AT&T) in Chicago, Illinois.
    Digital Cellular Technology creates a (larger number of users), (lower service fees), (higher sound quality), (reduced background noise), and (more secure conversations) for mobile users.
    In (1991), he (Introduced) the U.S to (FIBER OPTIC MICROCELLULAR TECHNOLOGY).
    Fiber Optic Microcellular Technology divides cells into smaller regions so that lower power transmissions can be used while increasing the total available bandwidth within the main cell without requiring the use of any additional parts of the spectrum.
    He is a major contributor in the development of Digital Cellular and Microcellular Technology that has helped (AT&T) become the leading provider of cellular equipment in the U.S.
    In (1992), while serving as (Chief Wireless Architect) at (AT&T), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (BASE STATION for MOBILE RADIO TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS).
    This Base Station marked the (1st) Digital Cellular Base Station in the world. This allows new digital services for cellular mobile users.
    In (1995), he was (Inducted) into the U.S (NATIONAL ACADEMY of ENGINEERING) by President Bill Clinton for his pioneering work in the (Digital Cellular Base Station) design.
    He is currently serving as (Chairman and CEO) of (incNETWORKS, Inc), a broadband wireless communications company in Long Beach, NJ focused on (4th Generation) (4G) broadband wireless communications technologies, networks and services.
    IncNETWORKS, Inc is the (1st) company in the world to successfully create a standard-based version of (4G Wireless Networks) to offer a broadband wireless architecture with quality of service characteristics that make it suitable for (mobile voice), (video), and (internet services).
    Mr. Russell was issued over (75) U.S patents with (25) additional patents pending.

    (OTIS BOYKIN)
    In (1961), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (ELECTRICAL RESISTOR).
    His Electrical Resistor was used in all (computers), (radios), (televisions) and other electronic devices that reduced the cost of commercial and military applications.
    In (1967), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) a (VARIABLE RESISTOR).
    His resistor was quickly incorporated into a number of products, including all (guided missiles and IBM computers) in the United States and overseas.
    His most famous (Invention) was a (CONTROL UNIT) for the (Pacemaker), which uses electrical impulses to maintain a regular heartbeat.
    Mr. Boykins was issued (28) U.S patents.

    (SHIRLEY ANN JACKSON)
    She is the (1st) African American women to receive a PhD from (MIT).
    In (1976), she (Invented Improvements) to the (PORTABLE FAX), (TOUCH TONE TELEPHONE), (SOLAR CELL), and (FIBER OPTIC CABLES) used to provide clarity in overseas telephone calls.
    She has also made (Significant Contributions) to the creation of (CALLER ID and CALL WAITING) while working for Bell Laboratories.
    In (1998), she was (Inducted) into the (WOMEN’S HALL of FAME) for her significant contributions as a distinguished scientist.
    In (2001), she was (Awarded) the (BLACK ENGINEER of the YEAR).

    (MEREDITH GOURDINE)
    From (1971-1973), he (Invented) various (ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR) systems including the (INCINERAID), which helps remove (smoke) from burning buildings.
    These systems clear the air by introducing a (negative charge) to air-born particles. Once negatively charged, the particles are electromagnetically attracted down to the ground to have their former place taken by fresh air.
    In (1987), he received a patent for it to be applied to (Airport Runways) to remove (fog) for airplane clearance.
    In (1994), he was (Inducted) into the Dayton, Ohio (ENGINEERING and SCIENCE HALL of FAME).
    Mr. Gourdine was issued more then (70) U.S patents.

    (JOYCELN SIMPSON)
    In (1996), she received a patent for (Co-Inventing) a new type of high performance (PIEZOELECTRIC POLYMER).
    When pressure is applied to these Polymers, they generate electricity.
    Utilizing these Polymers in conjunction with (wind and water) power, will lead to an environmentally friendly (source of power) that is (low-costing) and (unlimited).
    She is a (NASA) engineer at Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA.
    Ms. Simpson was issued (11) U.S patents.

    (THOMAS MENSAH)
    He is (1 of 4) original (Innovators and Developers) of (FIBER OPTICS TECHNOLOGY) in the United States.
    In (1985), while serving as a (Chemical Engineer) on the development of the (High Speed Fiber Optics Coating Process) at Corning Glass Works Sullivan Park Research and Development Center in New York, where (Fiber Optics) was (Invented), he (made history) when he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (METHOD and APPARATUS for COATING OPTICAL FIBERS).
    This increased the manufacturing speed of fiber optics from (2 meters a second to 20 meters a second), while decreasing fiber optics manufacturing costs to ($1.00 a meter to .10 cents a meter), which was the same price as (Copper), thus, making the copper wire cables (obsolete).
    This provided the much needed bandwidth which (transformed) the (Telecommunication and Computer/ Internet) platform that placed Corning Glass Works and the U.S in a (leading role) in fiber optics manufacturing.
    Dr. Mensah was issued (4) U.S patents for this technology.
    In (1985), he was (Awarded) the (CORNING GLASS WORKS INDIVIDUAL OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTOR AWARD for INNOVATION in FIBER OPTICS) for his contributions to the fiber optics manufacturing process.
    In (1986), he (Directed the Team) that (Developed) the (GUIDANCE SYSTEM for SMART WEAPONS) using fiber optics while working for AT&T Bell Laboratories in Georgia.
    In the Fiber Optic Guided Missile technology, a small camera inserted into the nose of the missile can send images to the pilot who can (lock and fire) onto a target with (extreme accuracy and precision) at (Mach 1), which represents the (speed of sound). This marked the (1st Non-Line of Sight) (Precision-Guided Munition) aka (Smart Weapons).
    Dr. Mensah was issued (3) U.S patents in the field of (Fiber Optic Guided Missile FOG-M) technology, including the (Guided Vehicle System) patent.
    In (1988), he was (Awarded) the (AT&T BELL LABORATORIES HIGH PERFORMANCE AWARD).
    Dr. Mensah was issued (7) U.S patents in the field of Fiber Optics technology in only (6) years.
    Dr. Mensah is an immigrant from Ghana in Africa.

    (JAMES E. MACEO WEST)
    In (1962), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (ELECTROACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER ELECTRET MICROPHONE).
    In the (Electret Microphone), thin sheets of polymer electret film are metal-coated on one side to form the membrane of the movable plate capacitor that converts (sound to electrical signals) with (high fidelity). Because of its (high performance), (accuracy), (reliability), (low cost), (small size), and (light weight), this technology is used in over (90%) of all (microphones), (telephones), (hearing aids), (camcorders), and (multimedia computers) used today.
    In (1999), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Electroacoustic Transducer Electret Microphone).
    In (2006), he was (Awarded) the U.S (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION), the nation’s (highest honor) for innovators by President George W. Bush.
    Mr. West was issued (47) U.S patents and more then (200) foreign patents.

    *(MECHANICAL PIONEERS):

    (FREDERICK McKINLEY JONES)
    In (1940), he received a patent for an (Improved) portable truck carrying perishable goods, which was a (DESIGN for an AIR CONDITIONING UNIT), he called the (Thermo King).
    In the same year, he received patents for it to be applied to (Aircraft’s), (Trains), and (Ships).
    His cooling units were important during (WW-11) for (preserving blood), (medicine), and (food) at army hospitals and open battlefields.
    In (2007), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Design for an Air Conditioning Unit).
    In (1944), he became the (1st) African American to be (Inducted) into the (AMERICAN SOCIETY of REFRIGERATION ENGINEERS).
    In (1991), he also became the (1st) African American (Awarded) the U.S (NATIONAL MEDAL of TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION), the nation’s (highest honor) for innovators by President George H. W. Bush.
    Mr. Jones was issued (61) U.S patents.

    (GARRETT MORGAN)
    In (1914), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to a (BREATHING DEVICE) aka a (Gas Mask).
    In the same year, after some refining of the device, he was (Awarded) the (1st GRAND PRIZE GOLD MEDAL) at the 2nd (International Exposition of Sanitation and Safety) in New York City.
    When his Breathing Device from the exhibit was used by New York firemen to rescue victims from a terrible subway disaster, fire departments in large cities in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York began using his Breathing Device.
    In (1916), he made national news after him, his brother Frank, and two others, used his Breathing Device to rescue several men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel beneath Lake Erie, in Cleveland Waterworks.
    He was (Awarded) a (GOLD MEDAL) from the (International Association of Fire Chiefs) for his heroic actions.
    In (1923), he received a patent for an (Improved) and inexpensive (TRAFFIC SIGNAL).
    He was the (1st to Apply for and receive a U.S. Patent) for a (Three-Position Traffic Signal). He later had the device patented in Britain and Canada as well.
    His Traffic Signal used a (mechanical linkage) that was (manually operated).
    While there were other inventors who allegedly experimented and even marketed their own (three-position traffic signals), they (never filed for a patent).
    He later sold the rights to (GE), who would later develop an (electrical version).
    In (1963), shortly after his death, he was cited by the U.S. government for inventing the (1st Three-Position Traffic Signal).
    In (2005), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Breathing Device and Traffic Signal).
    Mr. Morgan was issued (2) U.S patents.
    *This information was provided by the U.S (Department of Transportation) office.
    (WILLIAM POTTS)
    In (1920), he allegedly (Improved) on a version of the (AUTOMATIC THREE-WAY TRAFFIC SIGNAL) that looks similar to the modern day traffic signal, but he (never filed for a patent).

    (ELIJAH J. McCOY)
    In (1872), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (AUTOMATIC LUBRICATING CUP) for the lubrication on steam engines.
    This innovation dripped oil onto the moving parts of locomotives keeping them (constantly lubricated), preventing frequent (stops and overheating), his lubricator used steam pressure to pump oil wherever it was needed.
    In (2001), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Automatic Lubricating Cup).
    Mr. McCoy was issued (57) U.S patents.

    (ANDREW JACKSON BEARD)
    In (1897), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (AUTOMATIC RAILROAD COUPLER) aka the (Jenny Coupler) for railroad safety.
    This improvement did the job of hooking railroad cars together once they made contact. He sold the Jenny Coupler patent rights to a New York firm for ($50,000).
    In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Automatic Railroad Coupler).
    Mr. Beard was issued (5) U.S patents.

    (DAVID CROSTWAIT)
    During the (1920s-1930s), he received patents for (Improvements) to the (BOILER), (THERMOSTAT CONTROL), and (DIFFERENTIAL VACUUM PUMP), all for more effective heating systems in (Larger Buildings).
    He (Created) the (HEATING SYSTEM) for New York’s famous (Radio City Music Hall & Rockefeller Center).
    Mr. Crostwait was issued (39) U.S patents and (80) foreign patents.

    (ALEXANDER MILES)
    In (1887), he received a patent for (Improvements) to the (ELEVATOR DOOR SYSTEM).
    He (Developed) an (AUTOMATIC MECHANISM) that improved the method of (opening and closing the elevator door), and he improved the (opening and closing of the elevator shaft) when an elevator was not on that floor. Prior to his improvements, the (opening and closing) of the elevator shaft had to be done (manually).
    In (2007), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Elevator Door System).
    Mr. Miles was issued (1) U.S patent.

    (JAN ERNST MATZELIGER)
    In (1883), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (AUTOMATIC METHOD for LASTING SHOES).
    His machine (increased) shoe production by (900%) per day, cutting shoe prices across the nation in (half). Prior to his invention, someone had to (manually) attach the upper part of a shoe to the sole.
    In (2006), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTOR HALL of FAME) for his (Automatic Method for Lasting Shoes).
    Mr. Matzeliger was issued (5) U.S patents.
    Mr. Matzeliger is an immigrant from Suriname in South America.
    *Unfortunately, his lasting shoe machine was referred to by many in the shoe industry as the “(Niggerhead Machine)”.

    (LONNIE JOHNSON)
    In (1989), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (SUPER SOAKER) squirt gun.
    In (1991), he (licensed) the Super Soaker to the Larami Corporation, it generated over ($200 million) in retail sales, and became the (#1) selling toy in America.
    Over the years, Super Soaker sales have totaled a (billion dollars).
    Mr. Johnson was issued over (100) U.S patents.

    (NORMAN BUCKNOR)
    He is a (prolific) patent holder who has (Invented) a family of (TRANSMISSIONS) for (GM).
    Mr. Bucknor was issued over (198) U.S patents.

    (PATRICK USORO)
    He is a (prolific) patent holder who has (Invented) a family of (TRANSMISSIONS) for (GM).
    Mr. Usoro was issued over (175) U.S patents.
    In (1996), he was (Awarded) the (BLACK ENGINEER of the YEAR).
    Mr. Usoro is an immigrant from Nigeria in Africa.

    *(SPACE SCIENCE PIONEERS):

    (WALTER S. McAFEE)
    In (1946), he became the (1st and Only Human Being in the History of Mankind) to ever (CALCULATE the SPEED of the MOON).
    These calculations were a (vital) step in space exploration because it confirmed that (communication was possible) across the vast distances of outer space for the (1st) time.
    On (January 10, 1946), the signal was sent by Dr. McAfee, which began the preparation of (sending humans to the Moon).

    (KATHERINE JOHNSON)
    She is (1) of only a few individuals to be honored with the distinct title as a (Human Computer).
    In (1959), she accurately (CALCULATED the TRAJECTORY) of the (MERCURY-RESTONE LAUNCH VEHICLE), which was the (1st Human Sub-Orbital Spaceflight Program) in the United States of America.
    In (1961), she also accurately (CALCULATED the LAUNCH WINDOW) for the (PROJECT MERCURY) mission. This determined when a particular launch vehicle can take flight.
    In (1962), when (NASA) decided to use computers for the (1st) time to calculate the human spaceflight mission (Mercury-Atlas 6) to orbit around the Earth, officials called on Ms. Johnson to verify the computer’s accuracy. This was the (1st) successful attempt by (NASA) to place an Astronaut into orbit.
    In (1969), she (CALCULATED the TRAJECTORY) of (APOLLO 11), which marked the (1st) spaceflight that (Landed Humans on the Moon).
    From (1969-1972), she (CALCULATED the TRAJECTORY) of the (Apollo Lunar Module) that also (landed on the Moon).
    Later in her career, she worked on the (Space Shuttle Program), the (Earth Resources Satellite), and on plans for a mission to (Mars).

    (ROBERT SHURNEY)
    In (1967), he worked on (Weight Distribution) for the (Saturn V Rocket).
    From (1967-1973), the Saturn V Rocket was (vital) to the goals of (sending humans to the Moon) and returning to Earth safely.
    In (1971), he (Designed) the (TIRES) for the (Lunar Roving Vehicle) during the (Apollo 15) mission.
    These tires were light enough that one could move across the Moon’s surface without bogging down in the thin soil.
    In that same year, his design proved to be a success when (2) Astronauts became the (1st to Drive a Vehicle on the Moon). The rover was used on the final (2) Apollo missions (16 & 17).
    He would later work for Skylab where he (Designed) the (WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM) used for (Space Missions).
    Dr. Shurney has participated in (all) Apollo flight missions in some capacity.

    (ISAAC T. GILLAM IV)
    From (1966-1976), he would serve as an (Assistant and Director) of the (DELTA and SCOUT LAUNCH VEHICLE PROGRAM), used to carry a payload from the Earth’s surface into outer space.
    In (1976), he was (Awarded) the (DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL), which is the (highest honor) at (NASA) for his work on the (Delta and Scout Launch Vehicle Program).
    In (1977), he served a (Director) of the (1st APPROACH and LANDING TEST) of the (Space Shuttle Enterprise).
    From (1978-1981), he served as the (1st) African American (Director) of (NASA’s DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER).
    In (1981), he served as (Director) of (NASA’s SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA), this marked the (1st) orbital flight of the Space Shuttle program.

    (MAJOR, ROBERT HENRY LAWRENCE, Jr.)
    In (1967), he became the (1st) African American to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) in the Air Force’s (Manned Orbital Laboratory) program.
    He was killed on (December 8, 1967) in the crash of a (F-104 Starfighter) at Edwards Air Force Base, in California.
    Had he survived, he would have been a crew member of the (1st Space Shuttle Columbia) mission in (1981).

    (FREDERICK D. GREGORY)
    In (1978), he became the (2nd) African American to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) and the (2nd) African American to travel into space.
    He flew (3) space shuttle missions, making history with (2).
    He was selected to (Redesign) the (COCKPIT) of the last (3 Space Shuttles) in the (1980s).
    In (1985), he became the (1st) African American to pilot for (NASA) when he flew the (Space Shuttle Challenger) on a (7) day space mission from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    In (1988), he (Helped Design) one of the most important safety devises for airplanes called the (MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM), which is an (All-Weather Precision Landing System) at (NASA).
    In (1989), he became the (1st) African American to command a mission for (NASA) on the (Space Shuttle Discovery). Due to the nature of the mission, specific details remain classified.
    In (2005), he became the (1st) African American (Acting Administrator) to lead (NASA).
    He was (Awarded) with (2 DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDALS), which is the (highest honor) at (NASA).

    (GUION BLUFORD, Jr.)
    In (1979), he became the (3rd) African American to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut).
    He flew a total of (4) space shuttle missions.
    In (1983 & 1985), he flew aboard the (Space Shuttle Challenger), marking the (1st) time an African American traveled into space.
    This also marked the (1st) space shuttle mission to (Launch and Land at Night) from the Kennedy Space Center, in Florida.
    In (1991 & 1992), he flew aboard the (Space Shuttle Discovery).
    In (1997), he was (Inducted) into the (INTERNATIONAL SPACE HALL of FAME).
    In (2010), he was also (Inducted) into the (UNITED STATES ASTRONAUT HALL of FAME).

    (MAE. JEMISON)
    In (1992), she became the (1st) African American women to be selected by (NASA) as an (Astronaut) on the (Space Shuttle Endeavor) from the Kennedy Space Center, in Florida.
    In (1993), she was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL WOMEN’S HALL of FAME).
    In (2004), she was also (Inducted) into the (INTERNATIONAL SPACE HALL of FAME).

    (BERNARD A. HARRIS, Jr.)
    In (1995), he became the (1st) African American to (Walk in Space) as a (Payload Commander) on the (Space Shuttle Discovery) that was part of the (US/Russian), (Shuttle-Mir Program).

    (GEORGE R. CARRUTHERS)
    In (1967), he was the principal (Inventor) of the (1st) Moon-based observatory (FAR-ULTRAVIOLET CAMERA/SPECTROGRAPH), which was carried to the Moon by (Apollo 16) Astronauts in (1972) during the (1st) Moon walk mission.
    The camera was positioned on the Moon’s surface and allowed researchers to examine the Earth’s atmosphere, including possible new ways to (control air pollution). His camera allowed us to take readings of and understand objects and elements in space that are (unrecognizable) to the naked eye.
    In (1972), he was (Awarded) the (EXCEPTIONAL ACHIEVEMENT SCIENTIFIC AWARD MEDAL) by (NASA) for his work on the (Apollo 16) project.
    In (2003), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Far-Ultraviolet Camera/Spectrograph).
    In (1969), he (Invented) the (IMAGE CONVERTER for DETECTING ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION ESPECIALLY in SHORT WAVE LENGTHS).
    In (1970), he made the (1st) examination of (Molecular Hydrogen) in space. This was evidence that plants are not the only source of Earth’s oxygen.
    In (1974), a (2nd) version of his Far-Ultraviolet Camera was used to observe the comet (Kohoutek) aboard the (Skylab 4).
    In (1986), one of his inventions captured an ultraviolet image of (Halley’s Comet). This marked the (1st Comet to be Observed in Detail by a Spacecraft).
    In (1987), he was (Awarded) the (BLACK ENGINEER of THE YEAR).
    Dr. Carruthers was issued (3) U.S patents.

    (WILLIAM HARWELL)
    In (1987), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (APPARATUS and METHOD of CAPTURING an ORBITING SPACECRAFT).
    This invention is a method and supporting apparatus for autonomously (capturing), (servicing) and (deorbiting) a free-flying Spacecraft, such as a satellite, using robotics.
    This device has (4) components, a (toggle sub-assembly), (control box and retractor assembly), (support structure), and a (grapple fixture).

    (JOHN CHRISTIAN)
    In (1970), he received a patent for an (Improvement) for (LUBRICANT for HIGH TEMPERATURES and HIGH SPEEDS).
    This lubricant worked well under a wider temperature range than previous products, from minus (50 to 600) degrees. The lubricants were used in (helicopter fuel lines), (Astronaut’s back-pack life support systems), and in the (four-wheel drive of the Moon-Buggy).

    (VALERIE THOMAS)
    From (1970-1981), she (Managed the Development) of the (1st 3) (LANDSAT SATELLITE IMAGE-PROCESSING) systems.
    In (1972), Landsat became the (1st Satellite to Send Images from Outer Space).
    In (1980), she received a patent for (Inventing) the (ILLUSION TRANSMITTER).
    The Illusion Transmitter works just like a (TV) transmitter that sends signals through the air, the only difference is that the Illusion Transmitter also uses (concave mirrors) that images bounce off before being transmitted. The images from the Illusion Transmitter are received to devices similar to (TVs). These devises convert the signals into (pictures), like a (TV) does. The devises use concave mirrors to covert the signal into (real images). These images appear in front of the screen to project a (3-D) image.
    Her technology is currently being used for surgery and could be the next generation of the (TV).
    From (1986-1990), she served as (Manager) of (NASA’s 1st WIDE AREA NETWORK), the (Space Physics Analysis Network) aka (SPAN).
    (SPAN) became a major part of (NASA’s) science networking and (today’s internet).

    (GEORGE EDWARD ALCORN, Jr.)
    In (1984), he received a patent for (Inventing) a (METHOD for FABRICATING an IMAGING X-RAY SPECTROMETER).
    An (X-Ray Spectrometer) assists scientists in identifying a material by producing an X-Ray Spectrum of it, allowing it to be examined (visually). This is an important advantage especially when the material is not able to be broken down physically.
    In (1984), he was (Awarded) the (INVENTOR of the YEAR) by (NASA’S, Goddard Space Flight Center) for inventing the (Method for Fabricating an Imaging X-Ray Spectrometer).
    Dr. Alcorn was issued over (8) U.S patents.

    (BENJAMIN BANNEKER)
    He is known as the (1st) African American Astronomer.
    In (1752), after looking at a model pocket watch, he carved the (1st WOODEN STRIKING CLOCK) constructed in American that kept (precise time) for over (50) years.
    In (1791), he began making (Astronomical Calculations) that led him to successfully forecast an (ANNULAR SOLAR ECLIPSE) in (1798).
    From (1792-1797), he predicted the (1st U.S FARMERS’ ALMANACS) on (medicines), (listed tides), (astronomical info), and (solar eclipses).
    *There is (not) enough verifiable evidence to support the claim that Mr. Banneker was (1 of 3) men (appointed) by President George Washington to survey the layout of the U.S federal district, Washington, D.C in (1791).

    *(MILITARY PIONEERS):

    (HERMON L. GRIMES)
    In (1938), he (Invented) the (1st AUTOMATIC FOLDING WING AIRCRAFT).
    The Folding Wing Aircraft was used extensively by U.S President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the (Pacific Theater of Operations) in (WW-11).
    The (F6F Hellcat), (F7F Tigercat), and (F4F Wildcat), accounted for over (75%) of the enemy aircrafts shot down in the pacific.

    (OSIE V. COMBS, Jr.)
    From (1992-1995), he served as (Program Manager) for the (SEAWOLF CLASS ATTACK SUBMARINE PROGRAM) and was responsible for the (design), (development), and (construction) of the Navy’s most (technologically advanced submarine).
    In (1995), he (Directed the team) that built the (1st of 3) (USS SEAWOLF-SSN-21), which are by far the most (complex), (heavily armed), (deepest diving) and (fastest running) submarines in the world.

    (HENRIETTA BRADBERRY)
    In (1945), she received a patent for (Inventing) the (TORPEDO DISCHARGE MEANS).
    This marked the beginning of the (1st Submarine Torpedo Discharge) that (Fired Torpedoes Under-Water) from either (undersea Installations) or (submarines). Her innovation played a (vital role) towards our victory of (WW-11).
    Ms. Bradberry was issued (2) U.S patents.

    *(NUCLEAR PIONEERS):

    (HENRY T. SAMPSON)
    In (1967), he became the (1st) African American to receive a PhD for Nuclear Engineering in the U.S.
    In (1971), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (GAMMA ELECTRIC CELL) which pertains to the use of the (Nuclear Reactor).
    The idea behind this invention was to convert powerful (radiating energies) from nuclear weapons, into (safe and useful) energy sources which would be useful for (100s) of years.
    The U.S government has used the gamma electric cell to detect radiation from nuclear weapon testing underground and turned the radiation left behind into measurable electricity.
    Dr. Sampson was issued (3) U.S patents.

    (LLOYD QUARTERMAN)
    From (1942-1946), he was (1 of 12) African Americans in a group of more than (100) nuclear scientist involved in the (Manhattan Project) that (Invented) the (1st ATOMIC BOMB).
    He played a (leading role) in solving the riddle of (splitting atoms), alongside fellow African American nuclear scientist (Ernest J. Wilkins & William J. Knox).
    In (1946), he (Helped Create) the (1st NUCLEAR REACTOR) that used the (atom splitting) process in a peaceful way for the (USS Nautilus) while working for the research team at Argonne National Laboratories in Argonne, Illinois.
    The USS Nautilus is an (Atomic Powered Submarine) created for (Speed and Endurance) underwater.
    In (1982), the USS Nautilus became a (National Historic Landmark) in Groton, Connecticut.

    *(MEDICAL PIONEERS):

    (PERCY LAVON JULIAN)
    In (1935), he was the (1st to SYNTHESIZE PHYSOSTIGMINE), a chemical from (calabar bean), which is a drug used in the treatment of (glaucoma).
    In (1956), he received a patent for his synthesis to (Improve) the (PREPARATION of CORTISONE) from (soy bean oil), used in treating (rheumatoid arthritis) and other (inflammatory conditions).
    His synthesis (greatly reduced the price of cortisone).
    In (1990), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Preparation of Cortisone).
    In (1973), he became the (1st) African American (Chemist) to be (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL ACADEMY of SCIENCES), and the (2nd) African American to be inducted after (David Blackwell).
    Dr. Julian was issued more than (130) U.S chemical patents.

    (BEN CARSON)
    In (1987), he made (medical history) by becoming the (1st Surgeon in History) to successfully (SEPARATE SIAMESE TWINS) conjoined at the back of the head.
    Operations to separate twins joined in this way had always resulted in the death of one or both of the infants. The (50-Member) surgical team, led by Dr. Carson, worked for (22) hours.
    In (2008), he was (Awarded) the U.S (PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL of FREEDOM) from President George W. Bush.

    (PATRICA BATH)
    In (1976), she (Co-Founded) the (American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness) in Washington, D.C.
    In (1988), she received a patent for an (Improved Method) to (REMOVE CATARACTS) with a (Fiber Optic Laser) called (LASERPHACO PROBE).
    Her improvements (increased the accuracy and results) of cataract surgery.
    She continues to made improvements to her device and has (successfully) restored the vision to people who have been unable to see for (decades).
    She is the (1st) African American (woman doctor) to receive a patent for (medical purposes).
    Dr. Bath was issued (4) U.S patents. She also holds patents from Japan, Canada, and (5) European countries as well.

    (PHIL BROOKS)
    In (1974), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (1st PLASTIC DISPOSABLE SYRINGE) in the U.S.

    (DEWEY S. C. SANDERSON)
    In (1970), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (URINALYSIS MACHINE).

    *(AGRICULTURAL PIONEERS):

    (GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER)
    In (1897), he (Developed) a (CROP ROTATION METHOD), which is the process of planting crops such as (peanuts), (sweat potatoes), (soy beans), and (pecans) to enrich the soil after every cotton harvest.
    This process (revolutionized southern agriculture) and became one of his most famous contributions.
    In (1990), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Crop Rotation Method).
    In (1943), President Franklin D. Roosevelt founded the (George Washington Carver National Monument) in Diamond, Missouri.
    It was the (1st) National Monument dedicated to an African American and the (1st) to a non-president.
    In (1977), he was (Inducted) into the (HALL of FAME for GREAT AMERICANS).
    In (2000), he was (Inducted) into the (USDA HALL of HEROES) as the (Father of Chemurgy) which is the (Preparation of Industrial Products from Agricultural Raw Material).
    In (1943), the (Liberty Ship SS George Washington Carver) was named in his honor.
    In (1963), the (Nuclear Submarine USS George Washington Carver SSBN-656) was also named in his honor.
    Mr. Carver was issued (3) U.S. patents.

    (NORBERT RILLIEUX)
    In (1943), he received a patent for an (Improvement) to the (SUGAR REFINING) process called the (MULTIPLE-EFFECT EVAPORATOR).
    This apparatus improved efficiently using the heat from steam to evaporate water. This innovation (revolutionized) the sugar industry which produced a fine, white sugar from sugarcane. His process for refining sugar improved (efficiency), (quality), (safety), and (profitability).
    In (2004), he was (Inducted) into the (NATIONAL INVENTORS HALL of FAME) for his (Multiple-Effect Evaporator).
    His process elevated the U.S from a (minor role) in the sugar industry to a (major producer).
    Mr. Rillieux was issued (2) U.S patents.

    *(DOMESTIC PIONEERS):

    (MADAM C. J. WALKER)
    In (1905), she (Founded) the (Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company) and began selling her own product called (MADAM WALKER’S WONDERFUL HAIR GROWER), a (Scalp Conditioning and Healing Formula).
    Her unwavering commitment to (excellence and relentless ambition) resulted in her becoming the (1st Woman in North America to Become a Self-Made Millionaire) according to (Guinness World Records).

    (HENRY BROWN)
    In (1886), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (RECEPTACLE for STORING and PRESERVING PAPERS) aka the (Filing Cabinet).
    This was a (fire and accident safe) container made of (forged metal), which could be sealed with a lock. It was special in that it kept the (papers separated). Prior to this invention, people often kept personal and valuable papers in simple wooden boxes in their homes or at local banks. These boxes provided no deterrent against burglars or the bank staff from reading them.

    (MARIE VAN BRITTAN BROWN & ALBERT L. BROWN)
    In (1969), they received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (1st HOME SECURITY SYSTEM UTILIZING TELEVISION SURVEILLANCE).

    (CLARENCE L. ELDER)
    In (1976), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (OCCUSTAT SYSTEM) aka the (Bidrectional Monitoring and Control System).
    This system relates to controlling the environment for comfort and to register an accurate count of persons entering and leaving a space such as a room or building with means to control the illumination and temperature modification of the building to reduce costs by reducing the illumination and modifying the temperature, either heating or cooling, to more economical levels when the space is unoccupied. The system helps to reduce energy consumption by as much as (30%).
    This technology has been adopted by (schools), (hotels), (municipal buildings and offices) around the world.
    Mr. Elder was issued (12) U.S and foreign patents.

    (SAMUEL SCOTTRON)
    In (1880), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (ADJUSTABLE WINDOW CORNICE).
    In (1886), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (POLE TIP) for curtain rod ends.
    In (1892), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (CURTAIN ROD).
    In (1893), he received a patent for (Inventing) the (SUPPORTING BRACKET).
    Mr. Scottron left his inventive imprint in the area of (window decoration).
    Mr. Scottron was issued (5) U.S patents.

    (BERTHA BERMAN)
    In (1959), she received a patent for (Inventing) the (1st FITTED SHEETS) that had sewn-in corners.

    (DENNIS W. WEATHERBY)
    In (1987), he received a patent for (Co-Inventing) the (AUTOMATIC DISH WASHING DETERGENT COMPOSITION).
    Before his invention, (pigments) were used in such solutions that often (stained dishes and dishwasher interiors).
    He developed a solution that employed a category of dyes that could be used in products containing bleach that would give the soap a (lemon-yellow) color that would not stain dishes.
    This solution serves as the (basic formula) behind all of today’s “(lemon-scented)” cleaning products containing bleach including (Cascade).

    (HARRY A. COLE, Sr.)
    In (1929), he (Invented) the household cleaning product known as (PINE-SOL).
    Later in that same year, he sold the brand and in (1990), Clorox acquired it.
    Pine-Sol is one of the biggest selling cleaning products in the world.

    *(MOVIE PRODUCTION PIONEER):

    (MARC R. HANNAH)
    In (1981), he became (1 of 7) individual (Founders) of (SILICON GRAPHICS COMPUTER SYSTEMS) in Sunnyvale, California.
    (SGI) is a technology company famous for its creativity in computer graphics.
    He served as (Vice President and Chief Scientist) of Silicon Graphics Inc, the International market leader in (3-D) computer graphics.
    He served as (Chief Architect) of the (PERON IRIS), (INDINGO), (INDINGO2), and (INDY GRAPHICS SUBSYSTEMS).
    The company’s revolutionary workstations were used to create the special effects in movies including (Terminator 2), (Jurassic Park), (Aladdin), (The Hunt for Red October), (Beauty and the Beast), (Congo), (Twister) and the (Field of Dreams), just to name a few.
    He was also instrumental in designing the (Nintendo 64) gaming system in (1996).

    That was just to name a few African Americans that have made invaluable contributions to help transform America into the (superpower) it is today.
    These individuals maybe unknown to most, but their contributions live with us (everyday).
    We’ll continue to produce the (best and the brightest) to serve our (country) despite all of the obstacles that stand in our way.
    (We Never Needed Anybody for Anything, they Needed us and Still do).

    “Looks like we really are the (MOORS) after all”. By Author: KingTutankhaten.

    In response to (Black Invention Myths):
    There are some errors that mostly have to do with determining the individual’s accomplishments concerning whether they “invented” or “improved” the subject in question. There are also errors on the part of the author as well.
    Doing your own research on these particular individuals in question will help you determine whether these assertions are to be respected or discarded.
    *Ask yourself, why would a (Historically) racist organization like the (National Inventors Hall of Fame) induct a person of color into their institution for an invention that had either no (Significance) or (Doesn’t Exist)? Because that would mean the (whole organization) is a fraud! Which means (everybody associated) with it should be in question, and if so, who received the (1st) patent?

  2. *The forgotten (Black History) of the (AL-ANDALUS MOORISH EMPIRE): (711-1492 C.E).

    The public school system will not acknowledge these (facts) and will go to (great lengths) to protect the (white myths) that glorify (Europeans) as being (heroes) to the world, but, (The Truth Never Lies).
    *Remember: (Believe Half of What You See and None of What You Hear).

    The (Egyptians and Ethiopians) originated (Mathematics and Trigonometry).
    The (Moors) originated (Algebra) and converted (Trigonometry into Science).
    The word Algebra derived from the title of the (1st) textbook on the subject called (Hisab Al-Jabr w’ Al-Muqabala) by (MUHAMMAD BIN MUSA AL-KHOWARIZMI) the (Father of Algebra) in (820 C.E).
    He was the author who the word (Algorithm), which is a (math procedure), came from.
    The textbook was based on the systematic method developed in the (Islamic Empire) for solving (Linear and Quadratic Equations).
    The numbers used today including (Zero) and the (Decimal Point) came to Europe by the (African Moors) who received it from (Ancient Arabs) who were originally (Black Africans).
    Roman mathematics, which are actually (letters), were replaced because you can’t do (advanced mathematics) with (roman numerals).
    The word (Chemistry and Alcemy) come from the word (Kem and Khem), which is a term used by (Ancient Egyptians) referring one’s skin color meaning (black).
    (EUCLID and PYHAGORAS) are (falsely credited) by European historians as (pioneers), but the knowledge that they obtained came from the (Schools of Egypt).
    These (Universities) were the (1st learning facilities), and were located (throughout the world) including (China).

    *(African Emperors and Generals) during the (Roman Empire) between (27-476 C.E)

    In (117 C.E), (LUSIUS QUIETUS) was the (Roman General and Governor) of (Judaea).
    The following year, he would be (executed), which is (rumored) to be ordered by the new Emperor (Hadrian) because of Quietus’s close relationship to the military and to the previous Emperor (Trajan).

    From (193-211), (SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS) served as the (21st Roman Emperor).

    From (198-217), (CARACELLA) served as the (22nd Roman Emperor).
    He was co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his younger brother Publius Septimius Geta until he had him murdered in (211).

    From (209-2011), (PUBLIUS SEPTIMIUS GETA) served as the (23rd Roman Emperor).
    He was co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from (209-211).

    In (217-218), (MARCUS OPELLIUS MACRINUS) was the (24th Roman Emperor).
    He became the (1st) officer to become an (Emperor) before becoming a (Senator).

    In (386 C.E), (GILDO) was the (Roman General) of (Mauretania) in North Africa.
    In (375 C.E), GILDO’s brother (Firmus) attempted to take a portion of Rome’s African province, but was ultimately (defeated) by the Romans with the help of Gildo.
    In (386 C.E), Gildo was appointed a (Roman General) of (Mauretania) in North Africa and a (Master of Military Forces) by the Emperor (Theodosius 1) as a reward for his help in defeating his brother Firmus during the revolt.
    In (398 C.E), after Gildo declared his commitment to the (Eastern Roman Empire) and cutting off the (grain supply) from Africa to the West, the (Western Roman Empire) declared war against Gildo.
    Gildo’s other brother (Mascezel), took sides with the West, and his (2) sons were (killed) by Gildo out of revenge for not joining him in the East.
    Western Rome entrusted Mascezel to lead the war against his brother Gildo, and Mascezel’s army later (defeated) Gildo.
    After defeat, fearing revenge from his brother, Gildo (committed suicide).

    In the (3rd Century), (SAINT MAURICE) was the (Chief) of Rome’s legendary (Theban Legion of 6,666 men).
    Maurice was one of the favorite and (widely respected) Saints of the group.
    This group would later become (martyrs) after refusing to assist the Emperor (Maximan), in a battle against the (Burgundy).
    There are multiple (Statues), a (Castle) and (Sculptures) that (clearly) resemble his image in Europe today.

    *The (Birth of Knowledge) in (Medieval Europe):

    During the (Dark Ages) of the (5th-9th Century) in Medieval Europe, the Christian Europeans were (99% Illiterate) even the (Kings and Queens) could not (read or write) and believed it was a (sin) to take a (bath).

    (Toledo, Spain) was the birth place of the (Renaissance) in Europe during the (12th century). European historians claim it started in (Italy), but their Renaissance period began in the (14th century).

    *The (Islamic Golden Age from 700-1400) aka the (Renaissance) would transform Europe from (barbaric savages) into (productive citizens).
    During this time period, (Spain) would become the (greatest) Nation in Medieval Europe.
    From (711-1492), the (Moors from Morocco) in North Africa, would conquer the (Iberian Peninsula).

    The (myth for centuries) suggesting that the white Greeks, (Leonardo Da Vinci), (Euclid), and other white Europeans were responsible for the (Renaissance) between the (9th-18th Century) that apparently (came out of nowhere) is just (another example) of (whitewashing) history.

    *The (Invasion):

    In (711 C.E), the ruler of Islam (AL-WALID 1), commanded Governor (MUSA BIN NUSAIR) of Ifriqiya in North Africa to dispatch General (TARIQ IBN ZIYAD) across the (Pillars of Hercules) now known as the (Strait of Gibraltar) into the Iberian Peninsula in Spain, to led the (Omayyad Conquest of Hispania). They arrived at (Mons Calpe), now known as (Gibralta) and began the (Battle of Guadalete).

    The battle most likely began over Roderic’s appointment to the throne as King by the bishops of the (Visigothic Catholic Church) over the (sons) of the previous King (Wittiza), who died or was murdered in (710 C.E).
    Wittiza’s relatives left the (Iberian Peninsula) and went to (Julian, Count) of (Ceuta) in North Africa, for protection from Roderick. The surrounding area of Maghreb in North Africa had recently been conquered by Musa Bin Nusair, so Julian approached Musa for assistance to overthrow Roderic.
    It is (unknown) whether Julian wanted to restore the throne to Wittiza’s sons or open up the Iberian Peninsula to foreign conquest. Julian’s friendship with the Muslims may have led to negotiations for an (exchange of land) in Hispania for his military’s assistance.

    In (711 C.E), General Tariq with ships and military intelligence provided by Julian, crossed the (Pillars of Hercules) with Muslims and Jewish advisers and landed on Mons Calpe.
    Upon arriving on Gibraltar, General Tariq (set fire to all the ships) to prevent the thought of (retreat).
    In the Battle of Guadalete, Roderick’s army was (defeated) by Tariq’s army, largely due to Roderick’s men (switching sides), in which Julian is (credited) for planning.
    By (718), most of the Iberian Peninsula came under (Islamic Rule).
    General Tariq was a devout (Muslim) and was consumed with the desire to (spread the religion) across the European continent.

    In honor of General Tariq’s accomplishments in Spain, there is a (rock) on the Iberian Peninsula named after him called the (ROCK of GIBRALTAR) which means (Jabal Al Tariq) aka (Mountain of Tariq) in Arabic.
    The (Moorish Castle), which is also located on the Iberian Peninsula was constructed by the (Marinid Dynasty) between (1215-1465).

    In (722), the (Battle of Covadonga) led by (Pelagius) of Asturias, would take place. This battle was the (1st victory) by a Christian military force in Iberia against the Andalusia Moors and is (rumored) to be the (catalyst) for the (Reconquista) aka (Recapture) of the Iberian Peninsula.

    From (711-1492), the Al-Andalus Moorish Empire ruled (Spain), (Southern France), and (Scotland).
    They built more then (17 Universities), (800 Public Schools), and (70 Book Stores). They introduced the Europeans to (Art), (Music), (Science), (Mathematics), (Writing), (Geography), (Geometry), (Philosophy), (Medicine), (Hygiene), (Military Training) etc. The Moorish Empire transformed the European continent from (barbarians ) into one of the (finest civilizations ever).
    Initially, Spain was the only country in (Western Europe) that was civilized, but the aforementioned principles would later begin to spread into (Italy), (Portugal), and (Northern Europe).

    The Moors were known for their (intellectual brilliance), (innovation), and (tolerance) for other cultures. Although the Moors were devoted Muslims, they didn’t (enforce) their (beliefs or culture) onto the natives and were (worshiped) by the Spanish women. There was an insistence by (Islamic Law) that (Jews), (Muslims), and (Christians) be treated alike.
    There were some (Arabs and Jews) who were involved in the (slave trade) of Spanish women that were sent overseas.

    In (732), during the (Battle of Tours), the Al-Andalus Moorish Empire attempted to conqueror (France) from Frankish leader (Charles Martel) and were (defeated). The significance of this battle is (debatable) due to the (limited expansion) into Northern France compared to the Moorish Empire’s lengthy occupancy on the Iberian Peninsula.

    Around the (13th Century), the (Battle of Ain Jalut) took place between the (Mongols and the Palestinians).
    The Mongols invasion of Egypt resulted in (significant losses) for the Mongols and was the (1st) time they were (defeated so decisively).
    The (historic) victory by the Palestinians was also significant for being the (1st) battle where (Explosives and Hand Canons) were used. It’s (rumored), the Moorish Empire obtained this (technology) from the (Palestinians), and introduced it to the Europeans in the (13th Century) during the Reconquista.
    Contemporaries, (Albertus Magnus and Roger Bacon) who had dealings with Moorish scholars, referenced these innovations and documented the (formula) to manufacture (gun powder) in a book.
    In (1340), the Moorish Empire were using (machine guns and cannons) against the (Castilians) on the Iberian Peninsula during the (Battle of Rio Saladotheir) conquest as part of the Reconquista.
    This innovation (revolutionized) Europe’s military science.

    *The (Reconquista):

    Around (722-1492), in Spain, a Reconquista against the Moorish Empire took place.
    In (1482), (Ferdinand the Catholic); (King of Aragon) and (Isabella 1); (Queen of Castle), who were also (2nd cousins), led the (Catholic Monarchs) into a war against the (Emirate of Granada).
    By (1492), the (King and Queen) defeated (Boabdil, King of Granada); the last ruler of Granada in Iberia, restoring (Christian Rule) across the continent, thus completing the Reconquista.
    Many of the Moors were later captured and sold into (slavery) throughout America and the Caribbean Islands.
    After the Moors were removed off the Iberian Peninsula, Spain never became the (power) it once was under the Al-Andalus Moorish Empire.

    *The Truth about (Christopher Columbus):

    During the (11th Century), the (Vikings) led by (Leif Ericson) traveled to Northern Canada and became the (1st Europeans) to land in North America. Although Christopher Columbus is often (credited) with the (discovery of America), neither of the (2) men can take credit for discovering a place where people actually (already live).

    In (1492), inspired by (Marco Polo’s) journey to the (Asia’s East Indies) in (1271 C.E), Christopher Columbus convinced (Queen Isabella 1) to sponsor an expedition to the East Indies to find (gold and spices). The Queen commissioned Columbus to discover the (new world) and granted him (3) ships, crewman and supplies in exchange for a percentage of his finding.
    (Unaware) of the distance between (Spain and the East Indies) or the demographics of the ocean, Columbus landed in the (Caribbean Islands of North America). Upon arriving, he would encounter natives on land, convinced he had landed in the (Indies; the Indian Subcontinent) he called the native people (Indians).

    Columbus was a (ruthless tyrant), who forced the natives of the Caribbean Island into (slavery).
    Each native had a set amount of gold they had to retrieve per day, if this requirement was not met, Columbus would have one of their hands cut off as a reminder to other workers.

    Columbus made a total of (4) trips to (Caribbeans) utilizing ships that were introduced to Portugal in the (15th Century) by the Moors called (Caravels) which were (Highly Maneuverable Sailing Ships) and (Compasses) introduced to Medieval Europe by the (Al-Andalus Moorish Empire) in the (12th Century) for (astronomical purposes).
    These innovations would lead to the (Age of Discovery) between the (15th-17th Century) in Europe.

    (THE NINÑO BROTHERS) were a family of Moorish (ship owners), (shipmasters), (pilots), and (sailors) on Columbus’s (1st 3) voyages to the (new world).
    (JUAN NIÑO) was the (owner and shipmaster) of the (La Niña) on the (1st) voyage.
    (PEDRO ALONSO NIÑO) served as (pilot) of the (Santa María) on the (1st) voyage.
    (FRANCISCO NIÑO) served as (sailor) on the (1st) voyage and (pilot) of (La Niña) on the (2nd) voyage.
    (CRISTÓBAL PÉREZ NIÑO) was the (shipmaster) of the (Caldera) on the (2nd) voyage.

    (Dr. IVAN VAN SERTIMA): (1935-2009)
    He was a (Historian) at Rutgers University of New Jersey.
    He has done some (extraordinary) work profiling (African and African-American) accomplishments throughout history.
    He is (extremely informative) and can be seen on your local (YouTube) station. *(must see)

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